Hepatitis A or Immune globulin (IG).Transmission of hepatitis virus can occur through direct person-to-person contact: through exposure to contaminated water, ice, or shellfish harvested in contaminated water: or from fruits, vegetables, or other foods that are eaten uncooked and that were contaminated during harvesting or subsequent handling.
Do I need Vaccination
Hepatitis B Especial if you might be exposed to blood or body fluids (for example health-care workers) have sexual contact with the local population) or be exposed through medical treatment. vaccine is now recommended for all infracts and for children ages 11-12 years who did not receive the series as infants.
Malaria is high in all countries in East Africa ,including cities. See your health care provider for a prescription antimalarial drug.
Meningococcal ( meningitis) if you plan to visit countries in this region that experience epidemics of meningococcal disease during December through June.
Rabies, per-exposure vaccination, if you might have extensive unprotected outdoor exposure in rural areas ,such us might occur during camping ,hiking, or bicycling, or engaging in certain occupational activities.
Typhoid fever can be contracted through contaminated drinking water or food ,or by eating food or drinking beverages that have been handled by a person who is infected .Large outbreaks are most often related to fecal contamination of water supplies or foods sold by street vendors.
Yellow fever, viral disease that occurs primarily in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America, is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. The virus is also present in Panama and Trinidad and Tobago .Yellow fever vaccination is recommended for travelers to endemic areas and may be required to cross certain international borders (for country specific requirements, see yellow fever vaccine Requirements and information on malaria Risk and Prophylaxis, by country.)
Vaccination should be given 10 days before travel and at 10 year intervals if there is on-going risk .As needed, booster doses for tetanus-diphtheria, measles, and a one-time dose of polio vaccine for adult.
Malaria is always a serious disease and may be a deadly illness. Humans get malaria from the bite of a mosquito infected with the parasite. Your risk of malaria may be high in all countries in East Africa, including cities. All travelers to East Africa, including infants, children and former residents of East Africa, may be at risk for malaria. Prevent this serious disease by seeing your health care provider for a prescription antimalarial drug and by protecting yourself against.
Please, consult your local immunization doctor before you travel abroad. You can also check uptodate at the Center for Disease control (CDC) and receive the guidelines at their website or by calling 1-877-394-8747 FREE